The Sikhs, mainly belonging to Punjab, form a sizeable group of our population. The Orthodox Sikhs believe that their religion was revealed by the God to Guru Nanak, whose spirit entered the 2nd and the subsequent gurus and till the 10th Guru.
Guru Gobind Singh ordained the Sikhs to treat the Adi Granth, as his successor, elevating it to Guru Granth Sahib. The Sikhs basically believed in a formless God, equality of the mankind, need of a Guru ad the pahul tradition. Sometimes, the gurudom was conferred on the Son and sometimes on the best disciple.
The 5th Guru, Guru Arjun Dev, provided the Sikhs, three things- Adi Granth, standardized script for Gurumukhi and the site and the foundation of the Harandir Sahib or the Golden Temple and the Akal Takht at Amritsar.
The 10th Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa, which mens, the Pure, in 1699. He also ordained the Sikhs to take 5 vows, namely, keeping of kesh, kangha, kada, kirpan, and Kaccha. Consequently, these symbols became the distinguishing marks of a Sikh. He further added that after his death the Adi Granth will be the Guru of the Sikhs and they have to pay obeisance to this holy book.
It is a monotheistic religion articulated by the Quran and the teaching and normative examples of Prophet Mohammad (consider as the last prophet of God). With about 1.57 billion followers. Islam is the second largest religion in the world. According to traditional Islamic view, Quran began with revelations to Mohammed when he was 40 years old that is in AD 610. Most Muslims belong to two denominations Shea and Sunni. Islam arrived in India n the AD 8th century with the Arab traders.
It is a common term used for Islamic mysticism. The Sufis were very liberal in their religious outlook. They believed in the essential unity of all religions. They preached spirituality through music and doctrines that professed union with God. Sufism originated in Iran and found a congenial atmosphere in India under the Turkish rule. Their sense of piety, tolerance, sympathy, concept of equality and friendly attitude attracted many Hindus, mostly from the lower classes of Islam.
Sufi Saints such as Muin-ud-din Chisti, Nizam-ud-din Auliya, Farid-ud-din, Ganj-e-Shakar were the pioneer Sufis who are still loved, respected and honored in India. The Sufis were organized into religious orders or silsilas. These silsilas were named after their funders such as Chishti, Suhrawardi, Quadari and Naqshbandies in order to attain a state of mystical ecstasy, the Sufis listened to poetry and music which were originally in Persian, bur later switched to Hindawi or Hindustani.
In Christianity, trinity refers to the teaching that God comprises three distinct, eternally co-existing persons that is the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit. Confirmation is a rite of initiation in churches carried out through anointing, the laying on of hands and prayers, for the purpose of best owing the gift of best owing the gift of the holy spirit.
Ordination is the process in Christianity by which individuals are set apart as clergy to perform various religious rites and ceremonies. Confession is the practice by which men and women may confess their sins committed after Baptism and to get them absolved by a pope.
Confucius taught six books to his followers, namely the Classic of poetry, Book of Documents, Book of Rites, Book of music, I-Ching and spring and Autumn Annals. Ren is one of the basic virtues promoted by Confucianism which means an obligation of altruism and humanness for other individuals within a community. Filial piety is considered as one of the greatest virtues in Confucianism and it must be taught both the living and the dead.
Other important texts in Taoism are Zhuangzi, Daozang and Mozi. The three treasures or three Jewels of Taoism are basic virtues in Taoism namely. Compassion, moderation and huminity.