Read About Religious life of Indus Valley civilisations


Religious life of Indus Valley civilisations

In Harappa, Terracotta figurines of women have been found. These indicate that worship of the Mother Goddess was a common feature of religion. In one figurine, a plant is shown growing out of the embryo of a woman. Probably, the image represents the goddess of the Earth and was intimately connected with the origin and growth of plants. The Harappa, therefore, looked upon the Earth as a fertility goddess and worshiped her in the same manner as the Egyptians worshiped the night Goddesses.
The chief male deity, the Pashupati Mahadeva (Proto-Siva), is represented on seals in the sitting posture of a Yogi, surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, a buffalo, and two dears appear at his feet. This God is depicted as having a three-horned head. We also come across the prevalence of the phallus worship, evidenced by a number of stone symbols of female sex organs so found. The people of the Indus religion also worshiped trees.
The picture of deity is represented on a seal in the midst of the branches of the pipal which continues to be worshiped to this day. That animal worship formed part of the religious beliefs of the Harappa people indicated by the representations of animals on seals and sealings or in terracotta and stone figurines.
The most important of them is the one horned animal unicorn which may be identified with rhinoceros. Next in importance is the humped bull. The frequency with which the unicorn appears has been taken to indicate that it was the tutelary deity of the city.
Fire altars have been discovered at Kalibangan, the presence of Ash and Charcoal in which, attested to its association with fire. Still other such altars came to be discovered at Banawali (where the area around the alter was enclosed by a wall) and Lothal (with the presence of circular altars as well).
Another interesting feature was that these altars were located in such a way that anybody offering worship would have to face the East. To the East of the lower town, there was a small mound which yielded nothing, but the remains of fire-alters. With the fire-alters at Kalibangan, bovine bones and antlers were found representing the prevalence of some kind of animal sacrifice. That the Harappa were wary of evils and ghosts have been evidenced by their using certain amulets and talismans. Some tablets of clay and copper were used as amulets. Swastiks nd cross signs were considered s harbingers of good luck. A shell inlay, shaped like a heart, was probably used as talisman.

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Read About Religious life of Indus Valley civilisations
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