Presiding Officers of the Parliament
Chairmen of the Rajya Sabha
The Presiding officer of the Rajya Sabha is known as the Chairman. The Vice-President of India is the Ex-officio Chairman of the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. During any period when the Vice-President acts as President or discharges the functions of the President, he does not perform the duties of the office of the Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
The Chairman can be removed only if he is removed as the Vice-President. The Vice-President cannot preside over a sitting of the Rajya Sabha as its Chairman, when a resolution for his removal is under consideration.
Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha also chooses from amongst its members, a Deputy Chairman. There is also a panel of Vice-Chairman in Rajya Sabha, the members of which are nominated by the chairman. In the Absence of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman, a member from the Panel of Vice-Chairman presides over the proceedings of the house.
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Article 93 says that the House of the people shall, as soon as may be, choose two members of the house to be respectively the Speaker and Deputy Speaker thereof and so often as the office of speakers or Deputy Speaker becomes vacant, the house shall choose another member to be the Speaker or Deputy Speaker, as the case may be.
The Speaker is the preceding officers of the lower House of Parliament of India. The Speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General Elections for a term of 5 years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha.
Election and Tenure of Speaker
The Speaker is elected by the Lok Sabha from amongst its members. The date of election of the speaker is fixed by the President. Usually, the speaker remains in office during the life of Lok Sabha. He may vacate his/her post earlier in any of the following three cases
1. If he/she ceases to be a member of the Lok Sabha.
2. If he/she resigns by writing to the Deputy Speaker.
3. If he/she is removed by resolution passed by a majority of all the members of Lok Sabha. Such a resolution can be moved only after giving 14 days advance notice.
When resolution of removal of speaker has been passed, then he/she cannot preside at the sitting of house, although he/she can speak and take part in the proceeding of the house. It should be noted here that, whenever the Lok Sabha is dissolved, the Speaker does not vacate his office and continues till the newly elected Lok Sabha meets.
Powers and functions of the Speaker
The Speaker has extensive functions to perform in matters of administrative and parliamentary business nature. His decision is final and binding. Under the Constitution, the Speaker enjoys a special position
• He certifies a bill to be a money Bill and his decision is final under (Article 10)
• He/she presides over joint sittings called for the resolution of a disagreement between the two houses.
• Decides whether Cut Motion, No Confidence Motion etc are admitted or not.
• Decides the disqualification of members under the tenth Schedule.
• Maintains the orderly conduct of business and decorum of the house.
• Appoints the chairman of different Parliamentary committees.
• The Speaker chairs the business Advisory Committee, Rules committee and General Purpose Committee.
• When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all the member of the Lok Sabha, cease to be the member of the Lok Sabha. However, the Speaker continues in his office till the next Lok Sabha is constituted.
The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the vice-presiding officers of the Lok Sabha, the lower House of Parliament of India. He acts as the presiding officers in case of leave or absence caused by the death or illness of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. The Deputy Speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the general elections for a term of years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. He holds offices till either he ceases to be a member of the Lok Sabha or he himself resigns from the Lok Sabha.
He can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by a majority of its members. As a Deputy Speaker, he has to remain impartial. The Deputy Speaker is entitled to a regular salary and allowance fixed by the Parliament and charged on the consolidated found of India.
Up to the 10th Lok Sabha, both the speaker and Deputy Speaker were usually from ruling party. Since the 11th Lok Sabha, there has been a consensus that Speaker comes from the roiling alliance and post of Deputy Speaker goes to the main opposition Party.
Our Constitution provides that the speaker of the last Lok Sabha shall vacate his office immediately before the first meeting of the newly elected Lok Sabha. Therefore, the President appoints a member of the Lok Sabha as the Speaker Protem. Usually, the senior-most member is selected for this. The President himself administers oath to the Speaker Protem. The Speaker Protem has all the powers of the speaker.
He presides over the first sitting of the newly elected Lok Sabha. His main duty is to administer oath to the new members. When the new speaker is elected by the House, the office of the Speaker Protem ceases to exit.