Powers and Functions of Chief Minister

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Powers and Functions of Chief Minister

Indian Polity

Chief Minister is the real Head of State Government and as such, he advices the Governor in matters relating to the selection of his ministers, change in their portfolios and their removal from his government. He communicates to the Governor all decisions of his Council of Ministers relating to the Administration of the state and its affairs and proposals of legislation. He acts as the sole channel of communication between his Ministers and the Governor.
He furnishes to the Governor such information relating to the Administration of the state of affairs and proposals of legislation as he may call for (Article 167). Though in theory, all appointments are made by the Governor, yet in practice power of patronage vests with the chief Minister.
He presides over the meeting of his council of Ministers and see to it that the principal of collective responsibility is maintained. He may, thus, advise a minister to tender his resignation or he may advise the Governor to dismiss a Minister in case he differs from the Policy of the Cabinet.
He places a matter for the consideration of the Council of Ministers where the Governor requires him to have the decision of the Government. The Chief Minister is the sole channel of communication between his ministers and the legislature. All Bills, resolution etc. that are moved in the legislature must have his prior approval. When, there is much criticism of his government in the legislature he himself holds the floor to face the onslaught of the opposition and thereby save his government from being backed or defeated.
He is the leader of the Majority party and as such, it is his duty to see that discipline is maintained. For this, he appoints the whips and see to it that the orders of the whips and invariably carried out. He is consulted about the appointment of Judges of the State High Court. No posting and transfer can take place in the state without his approval. He is consulted in the appointment of State Advocate General and the Members of State Public Service Commission.

Relation with Governor

Governor and Chief Minister both are inter-dependent as the Chief Minister shall be appointed with the advice of Chief Minster shall be appointed by the Governor and the other ministers shall be appointed with the advice of Chief Minister, also the ministers shall hold office during, the pleasure of Governor. On the other hand, Chief Minister has to communicate the Governor of the State all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals for legislation.             

Powers and Functions of Chief Minister
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