Modern Indian Music and Folk Music

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Modern Indian music

Culture, in India, although diverse and varied, still binds the country together in some form of common identification. Indian dance and music have played a remarkable role in this unification. India has a great heritage of classical dance and music. Using the body as a medium of communication, the expression of dance is perhaps the most intricate and developed, yet easily understood art form. Music too plays an important role in the Hindu religion. The tradition of Indian music should be understood in the context of Indian life and thought. It is known to be a mystical experience, analogous to yoga.
Modern Indian Music and Folk Music

With the British rule came western music, Indians adopted some of their instruments such as violin and clarinet to suit the demands of Indian music. Orchestration of music on stage is a new development. Use of cassettes replaced oral transmission of tunes and ragas.
Performances which were earlier limited to a privileged few have now been thrown open to the public and can be viewed by thousands of music lovers throughout the country. Music education no longer depends on the master-disciple system but can be imparted through institution teaching music.

Folk-Music

India has a reach legacy of folk or popular music. This Music is a rustic reflection of the larger Indian society. Due to the extreme cultural diversity across India, there are a variety of folk styles. Folk music is not taught in the same way as classical music.
There is no formal apprenticeship, where the student learns the music. It is learnt by absorbing through regular contact. Folk music is an essential component of weddings, engagements and birth. Musical instruments used are also different from classical music. They are not as refined and are often in a crude from. Folk instruments are usually crafted by the musicians themselves and form commonly available materials, such as bamboo, coconut shells, pots etc.

Bhavageethe 

It literally means emotional poetry and is a form of expressionist poetry and light music. Most of the poetry sung in this genre pertains to subjects like love, nature, philosophy etc and the genre itself is not much different from Ghazals. This genre is quite popular in many parts of India, Notably in Karnataka.

Bhangra

It is a form of dance oriented folk music of Punjab. The present musical style is derived from the traditional musical accompaniment to the folk dance of Punjab called by the same name. The female dance of Punjab region is known as Giddha.

Bihugeet

It is a traditional folk music of Assam performed through Bihu dance in the festival of Bihu. The songs have themes of romance, love, nature and incidents.

Lavani

It is a popular folk from of Maharashtra traditionally, the songs are sung by female artists, but male artists may occasionally sing Lavanis. The dance format associated with Lavani is known as Tamasha.

Dandiya

It is a dance oriented folk music that has also been adapted for pop music worldwide, popular in western India, especially during Navaratri. The present musical style is derived from the traditional musical accompaniment to the folk dance of Dandiya called by the same name.

Pandavani 

It is a folk singing style of musical narration of tales from ancient epic Mahabharata with musical accompaniment and Bhima as hero. This form of folk theatre is popular in the state of Chhattisgarh and in the neighboring tribal areas of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.

Naatupura Patu

It is Tamil folk music. It consists of Gramathisai (Village folk music) and Gana (city folk music). It is also sung in Rajasthan.

Garba

It is sung in honour of Hindu Gods and Goddesses during Navratri. They are sung in the honour of lord Krishna, Hanuman, Ram etc.

Tappa

The Tappa is said to have developed in the late AD 18th century from the folk songs of camel riders. The credit for its development goes to Shorey Mian or Ghulam Nabi of Multan. Tappa literally means Jump in Persian. They are essentially folk-lores of love and passion and are written I Punjabi.
Its beauty lies in the quick and intricate display of various permutations and combinations of nodes. The compositions are very short and are based on Shringara Rasa. It is rather strange that even thought the Tappa lyrics are in Punjabi. Tappa is not sung in Punjab.
       

Modern Indian Music and Folk Music
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