Famous Gharanas of Classical music in India
This is oldest among all the Khayal Gayaki (vocal) styles. This distinctive feature of this style of singing has been noted for its lucidity and simplicity. Founders Ustad Hassu Khan, Ustad Haddu Khan, Ustad Nathu Khan. Exponents Bal Krishna Ealchal Karanjikar, Vishnu Digambar Paluskar, Pandit Omkarnath Thakur, Veena Sahasrabuddhe and Malini Rajurkar.
The Agra Gharana places great importance on developing forcefulness and depth in the voice, so that the nodes are powerful and resonant. Founders Haji Sujan Khan, Ustad Ghagghe Khuda Baksh. Exponents The important singers of this Gharana are Faiyyaz Khan, Latafat Hussain khan and Dinkar Kakini.
It derives its name from the birth place of Abdul Kharim Khan of Kirana, near Kurukshetra. In the Kirana style of singing, the swara is used to create an emotional mood by means of elongation and use of Kanas. Founders Abdul Karim Khan and Abdul Wajid Khan. Exponents Hirabhai Barodekar, Begum Akhtar, bhimsen Joshi, Gangubai Hangal and Prabha Atre.
The Most distinctive feature of the Jaipur Gharana can be best described through its complex and melodic form, which arises out of the involutedly and undulating phrases that comprise the piece. Founders Ustad Alladiya Khan. Exponents Alladiya Khan, Mallikarjun Mansur, Kesharbhai Kerkar, Kishori Amonkar, Shruti Sadolikar, Padma Talwalkar and Ashwini Bhide Deshpande.
Rampur Sahaswan Gharana
In the Rampur Sahaswan Gharana, there is a stress on the clarity of swara and the development and elaboration of the Raga is done through a stepwise progression.
The Mewati Gharana gives importance to developing the mood of the raga through the notes forming it and its style is Bhava Pradhan. It also given equal importance to the meaning of the text. Founders Ghagge Nazir Khan. Exponents Pandit Jasraj, Moti Ram, Mani Ram, Sanjeev Abhyankar and others.