Culture Of The Indus Valley:
Before the excavation of the Indus Valley Civilization, Indian culture regarded as the youngest among the ancient cultures.The archaeological investigations of Harapa and Mohenjodaro established that had attained maturity around 5000 years ago.
the excavations provide ample evidences that their religious beliefs and practices are to some extent reflected in hinduism.In later times, the Indus valley culture passed on to sacred animals and trees,the mother Goddess and less certainly other aspects of Indian culture.
Dravidian and Vedic culture
The Dravidian culture in south India had reached a high level of development in around 2000 BC. Archaeological findings proved a long period of Commercial and Cultural exchange between the Indus valley and Dravidian Cultures. Thus, the Dravidian culture kept the torch of civilization burning during the centuries preceding the advent of the Aryans when North India was plunged Into darkness.
Near around 10000 BC,the Vedic culture which was earlier simple,reached a stage of high development and changed considerably.Now the Aryan mind gave a philosophical depth to the idea of unity which had already begun in the Rigveda and the Vedic culture made the old Indian traditions as an integral part of its religion was developed, known as the Vedic Hindu Religion,which served as the very foundation of a new culture known as the Vedic Hindu Culture.
After 400 years,in the 6th century BC, there was a period of religious unrest.This period saw the rise of two great religious-Buddhism and Jainism.During the letter 8th centuries,six schools of Hindu Philosophy emerged as new currents of though in religious and philosophical thought.
Buddhism and Jainism acquired much prominence and acceptance amongst the people of the time.Not only did both contributed to a ritual and superstitions free society,they also, to a great extent,led to a great cohesion and taught how to rise above the then prevalent Varna hierarchies.
The Period of Excellence
In the Mauryan Period, though religion continued to dominate the society, the process of differentiation amongst the various departments of life became more pronounced. Science, Literature and Finearts were now free to move outside the narrow circle of religious subjects.
Under the patronage of the Guptas secular literature made remarkable progress.Great Scholars of this period exercised a direct influence on the Scientific thoughts of Arab and other Islamic countries and indirectly on Europe.
The period of Stagnation
In the next 300 years, by the end of the 11th century, adventurous warlike tribes i.e. the Shakes, the Hunas and the Gurjaras spread throughout India due to the superior culture they found here.They gradually adopted
the Hindu culture and religion and claimed to be the descendants of the old Kshatriya and began to call themselves Rajputs.
They revived the Hindu society and created a stir and movement in its stagnant intellectual and cultural life.Their courts became the center of art,architecture,literature,poetry,and drama.But the Rajputs were so obsessed with tribal consciousness that they seemed to have lost even the sense of national unity.The very idea of nationhood had completely disappeared.
Search Terms: Ancient India| History of India| Indian National Movement| Art and Culture| Indian Geography| Indian Economy| Indian Polity |Indian Politics