City Administration and Army of Mauryan
Nagarika was the City superintendent, assisted by two officials. According to Megasthenese, the City council was divided into sis boards of five, each with the following functions.
1st Board- To look after everything related to industrial arts.
2nd Board- To attend to the entertainment of foreigners.
3rd Board- To register birth and death.
4th Board-Regulation of trade and commerce.
5th Board-Supervised manufactured articles.
6th Board-Collection the title on the prince of goods sold and evasion of this tax was punishable with death.
The king was the head of Justice, the fountain head of law and all matters of grave consequences were decided by him. The sources of law as mentioned by Kautilya were as follows.
- Vyavahara (Current legal codes)
- Charitra (Customs)
- Rajasasana (Royal Decree)
The Hindu code of Law was administered in deciding civil cases. The Chief Justice called the Dhamadhikarina, presided the Supreme court. There are two types of courts.
- Dharmasthiya- Civil courts headed by the Dharmastha.
- Kantaksodham- Criminal Court, headed by the Pradeshikha.
According to Megasthenes, Chandragupta had at his disposal, a formidable army numbering about 600000, The Army considered of foot soldiers, elephants and horses. It had 30000 cavalry and 900 elephants.
It was integral to the Mauryan Administration. The Spies were of two types Sansthan and Sanchari, the former worked by remaining stationed at a public place and the latter by moving from place to place. The spies were the eyes and ears of the king. They were also called Gudhapurshas. Women were also included in espionage.
There were different sources of State revenue cities (Durga), rural areas (Rashtra), mines (Khan), road and traffic (Vanikpatha), pastures (Vraja), Plantation (Setu) and forests (vana). The Samahartha Supervised revenue collection for the entire kindom.
Different Types of Taxes
|1.||Bhaga||Land revenue (1/6th share of the production)|
|3.||Chorarajju||Tax collected for the search of thief|
|5.||Pindakara||Taxes paid in kind by villages, collected annually|
|7.||Senbhaktam||Tax for army, from the region through which it passed|
|10.||Hiranya||A tax paid in gold|