Chedi Dynasty of Kalinga
Their Capital was klinganagar. The first known king of this dynasty was Mahameghavarmana. The Greatest and the most powerful king of the dynasty was Kharavela, the descendent of the Mahameghavarmana. His capital was Klinganagar. The only source of information about the king Kharavela is the Hathigumpha inscription written in Prakrit language and Brahmi script. Kharavela was a follower of Jainism. The inscription has seventeen lines, out of which only four are legible, which records the first 13 years of the reign of Kharavela. In the 5th year of his reign, Kharavela extended the old canal constructed by the Nandas from Tanasuli to Klinganagar. Kharavela is said to have defeated Bahasapatimitra and captured the fortress of Garathgiri and recovered an image of a Jaina Saint from Magadha, which had been previously carried away from Kalinga by Mahapadma Nanda. He is also credited with the construction of a magnificent temple at Bhubaneshwar. In the 9th year of his reign, Kharavela built Mahavijya Prasad (the place of Great Victory) on both the banks of the river Prachi, in order to commemorate his victories in the North.
Invasion from central Asia
The First to invade India were the Greeks, who were also called the Bactrian Greeks. In the beginning of 2nd century BC, the Indo Greeks occupied a large part of North Western India. Two Greek dynasties ruled North-Western India on parallel lines at one and the same point. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander (165-145 BC), with his capital at Sakala in Punjab. His reign has been mentioned in the famous work Milinda Panho, written by Buddhist scholar Nagasena.
The Indo-Greek rule is important in the history of India because of a large number of coins, which the Greeks issued. The Indo-Greeks were the first rulers in India to issue coins, which can be definitely attributed to the king. The Indo-Greeks were the first to issue gold coins in India, which increased in number under the Kushanas. The Greek rule introduced features of Hellenistic art in the North-West frontier of India. This art was not purely Greek. It was an outcome of the Greek contact with the non-Greek conquered peoples, after Alexander’s death. Gandhara art was best example in India.