Brief Description About Ancient Indian Languages and Literature

 The Indian subcontinent consists of a number of separate linguistic communities each of which share a common language and culture. The people of India speak many languages and dialects, which are mostly the verities of about 15 principal languages. Some Indian languages have a long literary history Sanskrit literature is more than 5000 years old and Tamil 3000 years old. India has also some languages that do not have written forms. Each has produced a literature of great variety and richness.

Indian Languages Families

In India, many major languages exist along with other minor languages usually spoken by a small number of people. The Indian languages can be divided into the following four families.
1.       Indo-Aryan Speakers of languages from this family account for around 70% of the population of the country. Most of the languages in this family are derived from Sanskrit. Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Rajasthani, Assamese etc are part of the family.
2.       Dravidian: This is the second biggest family of languages in India and consists of languages mostly spoken in southern India like Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam and Telugu. The Dravidian languages are older than the Indo-Aryan languages.
3.       Austric: This is the oldest and most indigenous languages in the family of India. Its speakers are concentrated in the hilly and tribal areas of central and Eastern India. Santhali, Nicobarese, Khond etc are the example of languages from this family.
4.       Sino-Indian: This include languages spoken in the North-East and northern parts of India. It includes Naga, Bodo, Tibetan, Ladakhi, karbi etc.
Apart from this, a fifth family of languages spoken in south Andaman is Ongan, which includes the two languages of Onge and Jarawa. Apart from them, the great Andamanese is another language family, which is almost extinct. The Nihali languages spoken by around 2000 people in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are an isolated language, not a part of any family. The Sidi language, spoken in Gujarat till the middle of the 20th century, is not extinct , and was  derived from Swahili and also  constituted a part of the Niger-Congo language family. 
Read More:Indian Culture

Search Term:Ancient India| History of India| Indian National Movement| Art and Culture| Indian Geography| Indian Economy| Indian Polity |Indian Politics  

Brief Description About Ancient Indian Languages and Literature
Rate this post


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here