Seat of the Supreme Court
Article 130 says that the Supreme Court shall sit in Delhi or in such other place or places, as the chief Justice of India may, with the approval of the President, from time to time, decide.
Benches of Supreme Court
– To dispose off the cases before Supreme Court, the matters are placed before various benches of Supreme Court. The bail applications in appeals are heard by single judge. Most of the matters are decided by divisions benches of the Supreme Court consisting of two judges. If the two judges disagrees (which is rare), the view of the senior judge prevails. Priority matters are placed before three judges bench.
– All cases involving constitutional interpretation and presidential references are placed before a 5 Judge Bench, popularly known as a constitutional Bench. The largest bench so far was the 13 Judge Bench that delivered the Keshavananda Bharati case verdict in 1973.
Supreme Court Advocates
These are three categories of advocates, who are entitled to practice law before the Supreme Court of India.
These are advocates, who are designated as senior advocates by the Supreme Court of India or by any High Court. The curt can designate any advocate with his consent, as senior advocate, if in its opinion, by virtue of his ability, or special knowledge or experience in law, the said advocate is deserving of such distinction. A senior advocate is not entitled to appear without an Advocate-on-Record in the Supreme Court or without a junior in any other Court or tribunal in India.
Only these advocates are entitled to file any matter or document before the Supreme Court. They can also file an appearance or act for a party in the Supreme Court.
These are advocates whose names are entered on the roll of any State Bar Council maintained under the advocate Act, 1961 and they can appear and argue any matter of behalf of a party in the Supreme Court, but they are not entitled to file any document or matter before the court.