Culture of the Indus Valley:
Before the excavation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Indian Culture was regarded as the youngest among the ancient Culture. The archaeological investigations of Harappa and Mohanjodaro established that civilisation had attained maturity around 5000 years ago. The excavations provide ample evidence that their religious beliefs and practices are to some extent reflected in Hinduism. In later times, the Indus Valley culture passed on to scared animals and trees, the mother Goddess and less certainly other aspects of Indian Culture.
Dravidian and Vedic Culture
The Dravidian Culture in South India had reached a high level of development In around 2000 BC. Archaeological findings proved a long period of Commercial and Cultural exchange between the Indus Valley and Dravidian Cultures. Thus, the Dravidian Culture kept the torch of civilisation burning during the centuries preceding the advent of the Aryans when North India was plunged into darkness.
Near around 1000 BC, the Vedic Culture which was earlier simple, reached a stage of high development and changed considerably. Now the Aryan mind gave a philosophical depth to the idea of unity which had already begun in the Rigveda and the Vedic Culture made the old Indian traditions as an integral part of its religion.so, a new common religion was developed , known as the Vedic Hindu Religion, which served as the very foundation of a new culture known as the Vedic Hindu Culture.
The Period of Stagnation
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