A Preview of Indian Culture


Culture of the Indus Valley:

Before the excavation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Indian Culture was regarded as the youngest among the ancient Culture. The archaeological investigations of Harappa and Mohanjodaro established that civilisation had attained maturity around 5000 years ago. The excavations provide ample evidence that their religious beliefs and practices are to some extent reflected in Hinduism. In later times, the Indus Valley culture passed on to scared animals and trees, the mother Goddess and less certainly other aspects of Indian Culture.

Dravidian and Vedic Culture

The Dravidian Culture in South India had reached a high level of development In around 2000 BC. Archaeological findings proved a long period of Commercial and Cultural exchange between the Indus Valley and Dravidian Cultures. Thus, the Dravidian Culture kept the torch of civilisation burning during the centuries preceding the advent of the Aryans when North India was plunged into darkness.
Near around 1000 BC, the Vedic Culture which was earlier simple, reached a stage of high development and changed considerably. Now the Aryan mind gave a philosophical depth to the idea of unity which had already begun in the Rigveda and the Vedic Culture made the old Indian traditions as an integral part of its religion.so, a new common religion was developed , known as the Vedic Hindu Religion, which served as the very foundation of a new culture known as the Vedic Hindu Culture.

Heterodox Culture

 After 400 years, in the 6th century BC, there was a period of religious unrest. This period saw the rise of two great religions Buddhism and Jainism.During the later 8th centuries, six schools of Hindu Philosophy emerged as new currents of thought in religious and philosophical thought.
Buddhism and Jainism acquired much prominence and acceptance amongst the people of the time. Not only did both contributed to a ritual and superstitious free society, they also, to a great extent, led to a great cohesion and taught how to rise above the then prevalent Varna hierarchies.

  The Period of Stagnation

In the next 300 years, by the end of the 11th century, adventures warlike tribes i.e. the Shakas, the Hunas and the Gurjaras spread throughout India due to the superior culture they found here. They Gradually adopted the Hindu Culture and religion and claimed to be the descendants of the old Kshatriyas and began to call themselves Rajputs.
They revived the Hindu Society and created a stir and movement in its stagnant intellectual and cultural life their courts became the center of art,architecture, literature, poetry and drama. But the Rajputs were so obsessed with tribal consciousness that they seemed to have lost even the sense of national unity.The very idea of nationhood and completely disappeared.

Search Term:Ancient India| History of India| Indian National Movement| Art and Culture| Indian Geography| Indian Economy| Indian Polity |Indian Politics 

A Preview of Indian Culture
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