A Brief Introduction to Indian Geography



 India often described as a tropical country, although the territorial limits of the Indian mainland extend between 8°4′ and 37° 6′ N latitudes and 68° 7′ E and 97° 25′ E longitudes.The southernmost point of the Indian mainland is cape Comorin near Kanyakumari.The southern most point of the Indian Union Indira Point got submerged under the sea water in 2004 during the Tsunami.Now, the sea is slowly retreating back to its original position and the subsidence has decreased as the ocean floor slowly bounces back.India’s territorial limit further extends towards the sea up to 12 nautical miles.

 However, the Island territories of Andaman and Nicobar extend further south up to 6 45′ N latitude, which become the southernmost point of India, known formerly as Pygmalion pint or Indra point.The Northernmost point of the country lies in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and is known as Indira Col.Westernmost point is Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh. The tropic of cancer passes through the state of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh Jharkhand, Mizoram are almost bisected by it. 

Area And Extent

 India ranks seventh in the world in terms of area after Russia,Canada,USA,China,Brazil and Australia.It has a total land area of about 3287263 sq km.Though,It is second largest in terms of population and holds 17.4% of the total world population, the land area of India, amounts only to 2.4% of the total world landmass.India is second largest country in Asia both in terms of area as well as population after china.

 India’s Neighbored 

India shares its boundaries with seven countries.They are Pakistan,and Afghanistan in the North-West,China and Nepal in the North, Bhutan in the North-East, Bangladesh and Myanmar in the East.The island country of Shri Lanka is located towards the South in Indian Ocean.A narrow stretch of water namely, the Pak Strait and the Gulf of Mannar separates it from the mainland of India.Another neighbor of India across the sea is Maldives.It is situated to the south of Lakshadweep Island.
 The long International boundaries is shared with Bangladesh(4096 km),with China(3917 km), Afghanistan(80 km ),Pakistan(3310 km),Nepal(1752 km), Myanmar(1458 km) and Bhutan(587 km).The name of boundary between China and India is Macmohan line and between Pakistan and India is Red cliff line.The maximum stretch of the country from north to south is 3214km and East to west the country measures 2933 km at its maximum.

A Brief Introduction to Indian Geography
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